Alexander Dolitsky: Plagiarism vs. fabrication

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By ALEXANDER DOLITSKY

Plagiarism is the representation of another person’s language, thoughts, ideas, or expressions as one’s own original work. Indeed, it is a shameful and unprofessional intellectual practice; just like stealing someone else’s property. In my opinion, however, a fabrication is even worse practice — the act of inventing false information in order to deceive someone.

I have no tolerance for either — plagiarism and fabrication. In my upbringing I learned an enduring lesson of unintentional plagiarism when I was a second-grade student (8 years old) in the elementary school in Kiev, former Soviet Union (today Ukraine), in the late 1950s and early 1960s.

In the former Soviet Union, during my school years, the 10-year school term was split into elementary (years 1–4), middle (years 5–8), and senior (years 9–10) classes. All grades occupied the same large building and school complex. The academic year was from Sept. 1 through May 30, five days a week, with one short break in the winter and another in the spring. Kindergarten was a separate institution from the secondary school system.

The school curriculum was compulsory for all, carefully censored by government’s officials and standardized throughout the entire country. Textbooks and instructional material were contextually harmonized, for example, from schools in Vladivostok in the Russian Far East to Kiev in Ukraine or to Tashkent in Uzbekistan.

The school discipline was strict and teaching methods demanding, requiring intense drilling and repetitions to learn natural sciences and math subjects, and frequent memorization of the texts in social sciences, history and literature.

My elementary school teacher, Lyudmila Sergeevna Kozlova, was a strict disciplinarian; she demanded from her students absolute obedience, respect and compliance to her orders. One time, our homework assignment was to compose a short verse that would describe our patriotic feelings, commitment and love for the country — the Soviet Union. I was a reasonable chess player for my age, but creative writing was not my “cup of tea.”

So, I chose an easy way out—at home I copied one of Alexander Pushkin’s verses from his famous novel Eugene Onegin. This Pushkin’s novel in verse is considered a classic of Russian literature.

Alexander Pushkin (1799–1937) was a Russian poet, playwright and novelist. He is considered to be the greatest Russian poet, as well as founder of modern Russian literature. In Russia, even today, he is synonymous with William Shakespeare. In fact, my parents had a small library at home and Pushkin was a centerpiece of it.

So, on the following day, I selected a short verse associated with a romantic illustration in the book, a scene where Eugene Onegin confessed his love to Tatyana, another key character of the novel. The next day I submitted “my (i.e., Pushkin) verse” to my teacher. I speculated that in the absence of a better literary option, Onegin’s confession of his love to Tatyana could suffice my love for the mother-Russia:

I loved you. And, it might well be, this notion
Is not extinguished in my soul just yet;
But may it cease to bring on your commotion;
I do not wish to make you feel upset.

I loved you mutely, hopelessly, and dearly,
With bashful, jealous suffering one can’t know;
I loved you tenderly and so sincerely,

May God grant that another love you so.

~ Translation by David Mark Bennett

At the end of the class, Lyudmila Sergeevna collected classmates’ verses for correction and verification of the students’ homework.

The day after she came to the class with visible enthusiasm and excitement. “We have a genius in our class,” she announced proudly to all classmates. “It is Alexander Dolitsky, our young and talented poet!”

She read “my (i.e., Pushkin’s) short poem” to the whole class, then with a friendly smile asked me to stand up and accompanied by my classmates’ cheerful ovation she re-seated me from the last row to the front of the classroom. My classmates stared at me in amazement, with a sense of admiration and curiosity. I, however, was trembling, terrified inside and wanted to run far away in space or hide under the thick blanket.

Later that day, Lyudmila Sergeevna shared “my verses” with a teacher of Russian literature and language Lilya Gregorievna Dobrova. This teacher, of course,  immediately recognized the original author. “Yes, this is Alexander alright,” she declared. “But not Dolitsky, it is Alexander Pushkin!”

Lyudmila Sergeevna was embarrassed that she failed to recognize a legendary Russian poet. She came back to the classroom steaming with anger, ordered me to stand up, grabbed my left ear very hard and pulled me to the back row of the classroom. Then she loudly announced to all classmates, “Alexander Dolitsky is a thief; he stole verses of our famous poet Alexander Pushkin as his own, shame!” She finally released my ear that probably grew up several centimeters longer from her hard grab.

School teachers and my parents were notified of the incident; and for me there was no place to run away or hide from this unintentional plagiarism. My situation in the school was doomed; I was picked on and laughed at by fellow students and teachers.

My mother also was an elementary school teacher in a different school district in Kiev. She was not pleased with my wrongdoing, but realized that some damage control must be done in order to rectify the situation. Several weeks after the incident, my mother set aside a little bottle with red ink in it and commanded me to give the bottle to Lyudmila Sergeevna, as a gesture of goodwill and forgiveness. Evidently, the red ink was a deficit in Kiev; it was used by teachers for correcting students’ work.

The winters were cold in Kiev in the 1950s and 1960s. This winter day was exceptionally cold, about –30C. I walked to school holding a little bottle with red ink under my clothes on my belly so it would not freeze before my meeting Lyudmila Sergeevna. While in school, I sheepishly approached Lyudmila Sergeevna, pulled out the bottle from my shirt and whispered, “This is from my mother, I am sorry.” Lyudmila Sergeevna decisively rejected my offer with a stoic and uncompromising demeanor, resembling Joseph Stalin in a short “woman’s  skirt.” “Tell your mother not to send me gifts anymore, go to your place,” she ordered.

So, the gift was not accepted and, therefore, a compromise and forgiveness could not be reached between us. Indeed, for one day I was a talented and promising young poet and the next day my fame turned tragically into “slipping on the banana peels.”

In the following academic year, my mother transferred me to another school in order to provide me a safe environment and fair treatment in the new setting. In reality, an innocent plagiarism of Alexander Pushkin’s verse resulted in severe punishment for my wrongdoing.

Plagiarism is not illegal in the United States in most situations. Instead, it is considered a violation of honor or professional ethics codes and can result in disciplinary action.

Fabrication, however, is making up data or results and manipulating research materials or changing results so that the information is not accurately represented, altered or reported. Obviously, fabrication of data and research are extremely serious forms of misconduct because it can result in an inaccurate information or scientific record that does not reflect a factual truth.

Presently, far-left media and pro-Palestinian “Hamas lovers” notoriously and intentionally fabricate information, misinterpreting history of Israel and the Middle East, and manipulating facts in relation to today’s Israel/Gaza/Hamas war. These progressive “Hamas lovers” continuously misconstruing the history of Judeo/Israel and, subsequently, falsely accuse Israel in genocide, apartheid and the occupation of Gaza.

Dixie Belcher’s article published in the Juneau Empire on February 26 and Kirsa Hughes-Skandijs letter published in the Juneau Empire on March 19 are remarkably erroneous, with no fact checked by the editor of the Juneau Empire. These two pieces are clear and indisputable examples of the fabrication and manipulation of information on the Israel/Gaza/Hamas war. Were these fabrications published in the Juneau Empire an editor’s oversight or were they done by an intentional design of the authors?

As Golda Meir, an Israeli fourth prime minister from 1969 to 1974, observed: “One cannot and must not try to erase the past merely because it does not fit the present.”

Alexander B. Dolitsky was born and raised in Kiev in the former Soviet Union. He received an M.A. in history from Kiev Pedagogical Institute, Ukraine, in 1976; an M.A. in anthropology and archaeology from Brown University in 1983; and was enroled in the Ph.D. program in Anthropology at Bryn Mawr College from 1983 to 1985, where he was also a lecturer in the Russian Center. In the U.S.S.R., he was a social studies teacher for three years, and an archaeologist for five years for the Ukranian Academy of Sciences. In 1978, he settled in the United States. Dolitsky visited Alaska for the first time in 1981, while conducting field research for graduate school at Brown. He lived first in Sitka in 1985 and then settled in Juneau in 1986. From 1985 to 1987, he was a U.S. Forest Service archaeologist and social scientist. He was an Adjunct Assistant Professor of Russian Studies at the University of Alaska Southeast from 1985 to 1999; Social Studies Instructor at the Alyeska Central School, Alaska Department of Education from 1988 to 2006; and has been the Director of the Alaska-Siberia Research Center (see www.aksrc.homestead.com) from 1990 to present. He has conducted about 30 field studies in various areas of the former Soviet Union (including Siberia), Central Asia, South America, Eastern Europe and the United States (including Alaska). Dolitsky has been a lecturer on the World Discoverer, Spirit of Oceanus, andClipper Odyssey vessels in the Arctic and sub-Arctic regions. He was the Project Manager for the WWII Alaska-Siberia Lend Lease Memorial, which was erected in Fairbanks in 2006. He has published extensively in the fields of anthropology, history, archaeology, and ethnography. His more recent publications include Fairy Tales and Myths of the Bering Strait Chukchi, Ancient Tales of Kamchatka; Tales and Legends of the Yupik Eskimos of Siberia; Old Russia in Modern America: Russian Old Believers in Alaska; Allies in Wartime: The Alaska-Siberia Airway During WWII; Spirit of the Siberian Tiger: Folktales of the Russian Far East; Living Wisdom of the Far North: Tales and Legends from Chukotka and Alaska; Pipeline to Russia; The Alaska-Siberia Air Route in WWII; and Old Russia in Modern America: Living Traditions of the Russian Old Believers; Ancient Tales of Chukotka, and Ancient Tales of Kamchatka.

39 COMMENTS

  1. Good article Mr Dolitsky. The mis information being published regularly is going to come to a head at some point which I believe will result in mass casualties. Our news media has become a joke. This in itself is dangerous. The manipulation of an agenda.

  2. I don’t think Americans should be worrying about Middle East wars. All White nations are suffering collapse and replacement internally, we can’t afford to babysit the Middle East. In fact we need to legislate deportation of our Middle East, their domestic contribution is proving deleterious to our once great WASP nation’s well being in every way. The point of no return is rapidly approaching for White North America, White values and demographic representation in the republic will be a minority, despite dominant tax contributions White Americans will be out numbered and outvoted by the New Americans who are happy to work for less. Every White Christian nation faces the same dilemma, total cultural eclipse. So why should White nations worry about the Middle East? So far wars in the Middle East have gained us nothing but many dead White men, ruined Arab nations, and a never ending stream of Arab immigration to White nations, resulting in the clear islamification of many formerly White Christian nations.
    We have no room for third party politics, especially third party identity politics.
    Israel will find no support from the new multicultural west, Israel is viewed as a colonial power, and just like American statues will be torn down by ironically communism ..Moses Mordecai Levi aka Karl Marx.

    • “We have no room for third party politics, especially third party identity politics.”

      Unintended irony at its best.

    • Interesting that the concept you base your comments on came from Israel.

      It is Isreal that suggest Muslim refuges should be welcomed w/ open arms by the US and those are the same people that Isreal wants out. Israel’s attempt at ethnic cleansing as seen from recent activity leaves in its wake an expectation that the US not only accept ethnic cleansing as a biblical right of passage but also accept any detritus in in the wake of their progress.

  3. Every day, I wonder and despair about the condition of the media. I’ve always said, “why isn’t lying against the law?” It is so common, not only in the media, but in our government, which has failed us miserably.

  4. No one regards the Juneau Empire as journalism. It’s a left wing tabloid that few read. They are down to two publications a week (which is two too many) and though I wish no ill will on anyone, I hope they cease operations soon and just be some type of online chatroom.

  5. Well this is an altogether interesting turn of events to see you here yet again flailing around seeking support for your other country while my reply to you on that other conservative site has evidently been censored, Alex, and I’ll presume that you might have something to do with that.

    So while your tale today of your plagiarism is marginally interesting, I can’t help but notice that you say your mother ended up pulling you out of the school you’d cheated in so you could receive “fair treatment” elsewhere and it’s starting to become increasingly clear that you’re toting around some kind of victim’s mentality which seeps into these little hasbara pieces of yours. Maybe you are actually a victim, Alex, I couldn’t say, but it’s fitting a noticeable pattern with your writings. Just sayin’.

    And note that I don’t have any significant issues with Israel and I’m far from a “Hamas Lover” but any moral high ground your other country might have enjoyed with many American conservatives – as distinct from neocons – was largely nullified by the Lavon affair, the Apollo affair, the attack on the USS Liberty, relentless spying operations against us highlighted by but hardly limited to the Jonathan Pollard scandal, and the repeated sale of American secrets and technologies to America’s enemies.

    Increasing numbers of American conservatives are simply tired of paying for wars not in our interests, Alex. We don’t want our military members in harm’s way to protect your claims to a patch of land on the other side of the planet and we don’t want to put up with the refugee problems created by the endless strife over there.

    And since you’ve raised the issue of fabrications in relation to reporting on events over there, we should acknowledge the fact that the Israeli government has retracted the claims of beheaded babies, babies in ovens, and widespread rape by Hamas on October 7th, which of course is in no way stated in support of the actual monstrous acts on that day and nor of Hamas (which was created and funded by Israel since its inception, by the way, and you can take up that argument with Ron Paul if you disagree) but it’s worthy of mention as a set of fabrications which serve as atrocity propaganda intended to whip up Western pity and outrage which might then be channeled into support for more needless interventionism abroad.

    As I’d called your attention to on that other site in my apparently censored reply, the cost to remove Saddam Hussein, a war effort based on fabricated stories of WMDs and begging from Netanyahu, has left American taxpayers saddled with a multi-trillion dollar debt, it cost the lives of thousands of honorable American military members with many thousands more suffering permanent injuries, and the West is now awash with unassimilable muslim refugees in addition to all of the chaos and the costs they bring with them.

    It’s tiresome, Alex, and it’s hardly anti-Semitic, pro-Hamas, nor leftist in the least to say so.

    • So much hot air, so little Fs to give.

      -Lavon did not happen and people went to jail. Strike 1.
      -Apollo was dismissed for lack of credibility. Strike 2.
      -Liberty was an accident of war, which Israel owned up to and paid for. Risk of operating in a hot zone. Strike 3.

      Go back to the long list of alleged Israel/jewish conspiracies and try again.

      • Well you clearly give plenty of Fs, MA, otherwise you’d have resisted that sad, buffoonish need of yours to weigh in twice with your low-IQ spam and I’ll submit that you just might not know any better since you come across like a monumentally stupid man with nothing of a life outside of desperately trying to be taken seriously here all day, every day.

        But since you’ve taken that disgusting un-American stance of yours and you imagine you’re scoring points here or some equally delusional nonsense, the Lavon Affair wasn’t successful because the wannabe mass murderers, who’d intended to kill Americans and Brits and shuffle the blame for their killings onto others, badly botched their terrorist operation and they only managed to kill a few of their own instead which is substantially different from your deliberate mischaracterization of what took place.

        And an absence of prosecutions for the Apollo Affair in no way means it didn’t happen nor that the theft is immaterial, as your dissembling, oafish reply suggests.

        Moreover, you’ve appallingly shat all over the memory of American Naval heroes, blaming the victims while you shake your pompoms for the foreign country responsible for their murders and maimings, and you’re a repulsive far-left, brain dead liar and a loathsome un-American propagandist for having done so.

        Please just go make aliyah and don’t come back, MA.

      • -Liberty was an accident of war, which Israel owned up to and paid for. Risk of operating in a hot zone-

        Two hours of strafing, torpedoing, napalming, maming and murdering the occupants of a ship clearly flying the colors of a country sworn not to become involved is not an accident. If after you begin a murderous operation you then block the radio signals of the men you’re burning in order to give yourself a couple hours to dispatch them in relaxed comfort is more likely the kind of behavior pogroms were intended to address rather than the accident you depict it as.

        What do you think may have been going through the minds of these Israeli combatants when after two hours of hellfire and mayhem they still had yet to receive return fire? Would it be safe for the aggressor to assume it’s a mission intended to murder civilians or perhaps a military ship that’s too kind to shoot back?

        Knowingly killing non-combatants is a revolting practice unrelated to any defense strategy and bears a striking similarity to the ethnic cleansing Israel attempts to justify these 57 years later. The perpetrators should have been hanged in the same manner they reveled in seeing others convicted of war crimes face.

        Just so you understand that your response was ill informed in its entirety note that that ship was clearly marked as a US ship right up to the point that her flag and supporting structure were shot down. This was also not the hot zone you depict it to have been and was instead international water.

        As if that weren’t enough, in 1967 when the US gifted Israel $47mm and Israel paid a portion of it back, we Americans were being compensated w/ our own money.

        It is ok to operate at an intellectual deficit but it is not ok to lie to your betters and expect everyone to look away. In instances where American lives have been needlessly taken your lies are particularly deplorable.

        Your remarks are the cat litter of MRAK and I am jealous of those that have never read your dreck.

    • Only places I can find saying Israel has retracted claims of Hamas barbarism are- ready now- sites which are pro Hamas. I’ve heard Sen Ted Cruz speak at length about the footage he saw. His report badly contradicts yours. Or are you implying Ted Cruz is an Israeli plant?

      You gotta get your propaganda from better sources.

      One last pro tip: citing Ron Paul is a quick trip to the kiddie table.

    • To Aunt Sally: Your questions on the Alaska Watchman site had nothing to do with the subject of my article. Nevertheless, I provided you with comprehensive answers. Below are my answers to your questions.

      Furthermore, I have nothing to do with the editorial process or censorship. Please refer your concerns to the editors of Alaska Watchman and MRAK.

      Question by Aunt Sally: When you refer to “our nation” above, Alex, do you mean the United States or do you mean your other country? And what’s your view of your other country’s oft-stated position that the Muslim’s being displaced there should be dumped on the United States and Europe?

      Answer to Aunt Sally: I left the former Soviet Union in 1977 as a political refugee. Then, my Soviet citizenship was revoked and I could not come back to the USSR until 1988. I have lived in the United States since February 1, 1978. I am a United States citizen and the U.S. is my only country.

      I have to be careful in answering your question regarding Muslim migration to the US. I am a contributor to Alaska Watchman and it is critical for me to be impartial in my writing. However, I have to say the following. In 1973, (I was 21 years old) I worked in the remote areas of Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan. I was a participant of the archaeological excavation in Turkmenistan, about 50 km north of Afghanistan. In working there, I experienced an aggressive nature and hostility of the local people toward Russian-speaking people. Most villagers did not speak Russian or refused to speak Russian. Their commitment to Islam and somewhat ancient traditions were beyond my expectations; even 46 years (from 1917 to 1973) of the socialist system could not change their deep beliefs and traditions.

      Historically, Muslims lived on the territory of today’s Russia long before Russia became a state (about 9th century AD). Today 14% of the population of the Russian Federation are Muslims (mostly in the middle of the Volga River and Caucasus Mountains). Central Asian countries (Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Tadzhikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan) today are independent states. These are predominantly Muslims countries too.
      In short, only in my hypothetical opinion, the demographic in the U.S. will significantly change if Arabs from Gaza will enter the U.S. This group will not assimilate easily in our still Judeo-Christian nation. Europe is a good example of the consequences of the massive Muslim immigration. I travel to Europe frequently, and today Europe is beyond recognition.

      Question by Aunt Sally: And not to unfairly pick on you but I also find it curious that you state “The anti-Semitic practice of pogroms ended in the early 1920s under the Bolsheviks” without mentioning the fact that the bloodthirsty Bolshevik ghouls who ended the pogroms before going on to murder and imprison tens of millions of Christians were disproportionately and perhaps even predominantly Jewish, Alex. Why is that? Might you be inclined to look upon the Bolsheviks as the good guys in that struggle?

      Answer to Aunt Sally: To Aunt Sally: Pogroms ended in the 1920s in Russia, as the government-organized anti-Semitic practice, but anti-Semitism, atheism, prosecution of believers in God of all religious denominations continued under Soviet/Stalinist/Bolsheviks regime. You are asking a simple question that requires a complex answer. My family, all Jews and Christians in the former Soviet Union (1917 to 1992) have suffered great discrimination, and this was a reason(s) of our departure from the former Soviet Union.

      I responded to Belcher’s statement, “In 1948 the United Nations gave the country of Palestine to European Jews escaping hundreds of years of “pogroms”…”
      As I stated above, the government-organized anti-Semitic practice of “pogroms” ended in the early 1920s under the Bolsheviks’ (Soviet regime if you wish) rulings of a newly formed Soviet Union in 1922. It is a chronological impossibility for East European Jews of the 1920s to settle in Israel of 1948, or until the early 1970s (when I left the Soviet Union). I made this point very clearly in my article. Of course, anti-Semitism and other ethnic atrocities continued in Europe up to the present time.

      • “I am a contributor to Alaska Watchman and it is critical for me to be impartial in my writing”.

        —–

        You are not perceived as impartial in your writing. You support Israel and exclusively so, at the expense of all others. Impartial you are not, Mr. Dolitsky.

        • Trouser Bark, could it be possible that supporting Israel is in America’s best interest? On the whole I mean. After all Israel is a democracy and it’s cultural heritage is very similar to ours. But, if you’re a democrat you doubtless hold more commonality with radical Islam, given their affinity for Fascist’s and slavery.

          • No.

            Don’t “support” any of them.

            I’m not a democrat either; democrats vote in support of Israel. Glad hand culture and all.

    • It’s interesting how you left out the black market nuclear purchases through France, or iraqs’ attempt at a breeder reactor that was taken out by Israeli F16s. You must not have thought those events worth mentioning

    • Hear. Hear. Tiresome is the appropriate word. If one considers view counts, many readers seem to agree.

    • Sally,

      Since you’re obviously trained up in the coming and goings of Brandolini’s law, I won’t try and address all of your incorrect information, as much of it has been addressed already, but I will correct your false statement about Hamas being created and funded by Israel.

      Ahmed Yassin, a blind quadriplegic, founded Hamas. In fact Ahmed Yassin founded al-Mujama al-Islamiya a charitable organization that was rooted in social religious activities and not terrorism. Al-Mujama al-Islamiya was supported by Israel and it was the precursor to Hamas, since at the time it was viewed as a less of a threat to Israel than the other more terroristy Palestinian groups. Eventually Ahmed Yassin became more radicalized and Hamas was created. This is well known information, it’s not difficult to find. In the future, you would be best served to inform yourself using sources of information that are less supportive of terrorists and defenders of terrorists.

        • North,
          Given the views you’ve expressed on the subject it kind of surprises me that it’s the first time you’ve heard about who founded Hamas. I know that a small number of ill informed commentators here have posted about Israel creating Hamas, simply repeating propaganda like Sally has done here, and I’ve shared the information about Ahmed Yassin creating al-Mujama al-Islamiya as a charity that Israel helped support before it became Hamas. I guess you must have missed that information when it was shared it before…as the old psa commercial used to say “The More You Know”

  6. Aunt Sally, Prof Dolitsky’s recount of a lesson learned at the tender age of 8yrs old is absolutely a very engaging bit of writing. You are making grand leaps to say his recounted events form the basis of victim identification on his part. To the contrary, its clearly an explanation of how harsh lessons in morality as a youngster helped shape the responsible adult he became. Any of us lacking something similar in our childhood would likely be morally deficient adults. It was a wonderful story.

  7. Your story is read almost like a parable. Thanks, Alexander. Plagiarism and fabrication is something that President Joe Biden is very familiar with. He’s been practicing it his entire life.

  8. Lmao, and we should just take Alex’s word that he doesn’t fabricate. I have never met a Russian who doesn’t.

    • RINO,
      If your car is missing it’s catalytic converter, it’s not a Russian fabrication. Same goes with vodka. It’s the real deal.
      But back off on Alex. He’s American now.

        • RINO, I first met Professor Dolitsky back in the early 80’s. Later in the ’90’s my wife took classes that he taught at UAS. I’ve had the pleasure of reading his writings over the years and find his position to be very American. I wish I could say the same about your drivel!

          • RINO was educated, uh brainwashed, in a North Korean bunker. The thinking is long gone. The commie dogma is alive and well.

            • Sure thing Rick, when all else fails yell Commie. You are the morons always spouting the Kremlin propaganda, so who’s actually the one spewing the lies of an Ex KGB agent, Putin. It’s pretty rich watching you useful idiots get all wrapped up in Russian lies.

              • I thought Reagan was a Saint compared to the so called Republican Party of nowadays. He cared about our country unlike you Trump loving, Putin apologist who say you are conservative, your not.

  9. What a great story Alexander! Thank you for sharing!
    As for fabrication, Joe Biden fabricates numbers on a regular basis and always gets away with it. I don’t think ANY statistic about the economy he has spoken is true. He just blatantly makes stuff up. Because he can.

  10. I like the life lesson story. Had to learn quite a few things the hard way myself, and by no means do I mean to indicate that I am past that.

    Also like the discussion on fabrication, and it leads me to a couple of questions. Is it not a fabrication for an individual that was born a male to ‘identify’ as a female? Or vice versa?

    “Fabrication, however, is making up data or results and manipulating research materials or changing results so that the information is not accurately represented, altered or reported. Obviously, fabrication of data and research are extremely serious forms of misconduct because it can result in an inaccurate information or scientific record that does not reflect a factual truth.

    What are the results of having opted to ignore the obvious truth and have this ‘identify’ as anything you like malarkey carry the day? Does it lead to wide scale acceptance of fabrications of all sorts? Must our unacceptance and/or outrage be limited to only some instances of fabrication?

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