Bethany Marcum: Best and worst of 2022 legislative session



As is often the case, there was no shortage of bills introduced to the 32nd Legislature (which comprises 2021 and 2022). Not counting resolutions, legislators introduced 690. Those that did not pass both bodies by the end of the 4thSpecial Session in 2021 were still in play in 2022, and when all was said and done, 74 completed the process. 

More important than a list of what bills crossed the legislative finish line in 2022 is the question of what good and bad policy reforms the legislature enacted. This analysis is not comprehensive because keeping up with Juneau antics is a daunting task, but what follows are some highlights. Readers who take an interest in any of the policies should remember that nothing is final until signed by the governor, who maintains veto authority.

For context, Alaska Policy Forum is all about freedom. Bills are good when they bring more freedom to people. Our vision is an Alaska that continuously maximizes individual opportunities and freedom on a path toward prosperity. More specifically, we operate under seven principles of sound public policy, which provide the lens through which we evaluate the following outcomes of 2022 legislative activity.

Because literacy is a foundation for understanding freedom, the best policy reform to make its way through the legislature in 2022 was the Alaska Reads Act. This nonpartisan reform passed the Senate unanimously (twice!) and squeezed out of the House by a single vote. It creates a comprehensive statewide K–12 reading policy to improve Alaska’s dismal outcomes. We certainly do not like everything in the bill, but we fully support reforms that ensure education dollars are spent in ways that develop reading proficiency for students.

Another very good outcome of this legislature was not creating a new defined benefits pension tier for state employees. More than one bill was introduced to do so, and advocates deployed many tactics to propel the dangerous change. Thankfully, all attempts failed, and at least for now, Alaska has steered clear of proposals that would bring great fiscal risk to the state and threaten retirement benefits already promised to retirees.

A surprising bright spot: Inaction on a bill that would have capped political contributions. A 2021 ruling by the Ninth Circuit Court struck down Alaska’s previous campaign donation limits. We agree with those who contend that laws to “regulate political spending and contributions . . . violate the right to free speech and ultimately diminish citizens’ power.”

Additionally, legislators made a small step toward cutting back on bureaucratic excess with a bill that attempts to eliminate “outdated, duplicative, or excessive” government publications. Allowing some documents to be delivered electronically saves state funds. 

Progress was also made toward improved transparency of state spending by way of the Alaska Online Checkbook Act, which passed without a single legislator voting against it. That’s quite an accomplishment! APF fully supports the intent of this policy reform but would be remiss if we did not point out a glaring omission: The largest chunk of dollars the state spends goes directly to the 53 school districts; most other spending looks miniscule by comparison. Contrary to the principle of open government, those school districts’ appropriations are a closed book, providing no clear picture of how the funds are spent. 

Some bills survived the legislative session with both good and bad elements.

One proposal gives the state Board of Pharmacy authority to continue practices started during the COVID pandemic — notably, allowing pharmacists to prescribe vaccines and emergency medications. Giving health care professionals tools to meet the needs of the market is indeed a welcome step. However, in doing so, the legislature also took the opportunity to widen the scope and authority of a government regulatory board, once again showing that most of our elected officials do not trust the power of the free market. 

Another bill passed with the intention of alleviating Alaska’s teacher shortage. That lawmakers have identified this problem is good news, and the bill took some steps in the right direction. Even the name sounds great: “Out of state teacher reciprocity.” But once again, policymakers showed their fear of the market’s ability to self-correct. Rather than simply recognizing licenses in good standing from other states, the bill gives such teachers a two-year pass while they teach in Alaska. It still requires them to complete Alaska’s more-onerous requirements to maintain licensure. The education special interest groups win again. 

Regrettably, no bills of consequence were passed to drive down Alaska’s incredibly high health care costs. Two that would have helped — repealing Alaska’s certificate of need requirements and protecting direct care arrangements between medical providers and patients — remained stuck in committee when the legislature gaveled out.

While over 60 bills were introduced dealing with Alaska’s elections, not one of consequence passed. At a time when a majority of voters in our state support election audits, requiring a photo ID to vote in person, and signature verification of ballots, the legislature could not manage to pass even one small improvement to address their concerns.

Lastly, fiscal restraint took a back seat in 2022. The budget that passed for 2023 was massive: 65% more than APF’s Responsible Alaska Budget amount and a 37% increase over last year’s budget. We’ll weigh in on the final budget after the governor has had a chance to issue vetoes, but in the meantime, we were disappointed that legislators took no statutory action on an appropriation limit of any sort. 

While many elected officials campaigned on this very issue and the Alaska Chamber has made a “meaningful spending cap on operating budget expenditures” a policy priority year after year, another session has passed with no progress. Until Alaska gets its fiscal house in order, our economy will continue to be disadvantaged and the handful of good bills that manage to make their way into law will not be enough to fill the civic hole.

Bethany Marcum is chief executive officer of Alaska Policy Forum.


  1. It would be very informative to call out the bills that were left “stuck” in committee’s, what committee, and who was the ‘head sticker’ (chairman)? From what I saw watching the proceedings, Committee Chairman are responsible for not getting anything done, and are the main drag on the entire body. Fire each and every one of them, and start all new in the new legislature with fresh blood and a true heart!

  2. Also on the very positive side is that many of the main advocates for a state income tax are not standing for re-election. Maybe those socialist ideologues can see that at over $17 billion now, the state operating budget has grown so large ($100,000 for a family of 4!) that arguing about whether or not to have a state income tax is a silly waste of time. Our real economy – what we produce here to sell so we can buy food, toilet paper, gasoline, snowmobiles, etc. – is so small compared with our huge state budget that the net state revenue from an income tax would be so small as to be within the rounding error of the state budget. The net income to the state from an income tax would even likely be less than the supplemental 2023 budget will be come next session! Alaskans consume far too much and produce far too little. And after all, since state and municipal employees would have to pay an income tax right alongside the producing sector, and the number of government employees is so large compared with private sector employment we could “collect” a large part of what an income tax would bring in just by reducing the salaries of state and municipal employees without even expanding the Department of Revenue (which an income tax would require). I certainly agree with Ms. Marcum that all Alaskans dodged a bullet by the failure of new defined benefit retirement systems being instituted. When oil is over $100 it’s all too easy for politicians to make expensive, long-term commitments. Had new DB systems been enacted we would have needed the Governor to veto them, and I would have very much feared the unions’ power in a big election year could have over-ridden the veto. Truly, Alaska and its economy are not safe whenever the Legislature is in session! Finally, note that we have record low unemployment yet one-third of Alaskans are on Medicaid. Alaska has a sick economy that is being disguised by government spending.

  3. And in the end these leaching legislators decide not to run again.!
    The people won’t forget

  4. You can sugar coat it any way you want, but money does not equal speech and limitless campaign spending by a few only invites corruption and diminishes the power of the people.

    • If you chose to spend your money at one establishment because you agree with their views and chose to not spend money at another establishment because you disagree with their views then you’ve used money as speech, Americans do this each and every day. If you spend time listening to or reading views you agree with, say on a website like this one, or you don’t spend time listening to or reading views you disagree with on other websites then you’ve used money as speech since time is money and views are money, Americans do this each and every day. Money and the spending thereof is an expression of ones freedom, people who restrict freedom are referred to as tyrants among many other less pleasant names.

  5. No surprise that the repeal of Alaska’s Certificate of Need requirement died a slow death in the legislature. It is very hard for individuals to resist the financial might of hospitals and the industrial healthcare complex even when that legislation would eventually result in much lower healthcare costs to their constituents. It would be political suicide!

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